Did you know that it is possible during the same consultation to obtain the results of your glycated hemoglobin, the doctor will ask the nurse to take a drop of blood from your finger, it is completely painless, and the result is quickly obtained after 5 minutes.
What is glycated hemoglobin?
Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a form of hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen in the blood.g.
HbA1c is formed when glucose (sugar) molecules bind to hemoglobin molecules in the blood.
The amount of HbA1c in the blood is directly related to the amount of glucose present in the blood over the past two to three months.
The HbA1c test measures the percentage of HbA1c in the blood.
The HbA1c test is used to assess the average level of glucose in the blood over a period of 2 to 3 months.
A high level of HbA1c can indicate high blood sugar, which can increase the risk of long-term complications associated with diabetes, such as cardiovascular disease, kidney problems, vision problems, etc.
The HbA1c test is also used for diagnosing diabetes.
An HbA1c result greater than or equal to 6.5% is generally considered to be a diagnosis of diabetes.
In summary, HbA1c is a form of hemoglobin that measures the amount of glucose bound to hemoglobin in the blood over a 2-3 month period.
Why 2 to 3 months?
The lifespan ofred blood cells, which contain hemoglobin, is about 120 days old.
During their lifetime, red blood cells are exposed to varying levels of blood glucose.
HbA1c is formed when glucose molecules bind permanently to hemoglobin molecules, and this binding occurs gradually over time. Thus, HbA1c is a measure of average blood glucose levels over the past two to three months, corresponding to the lifespan of red blood cells.
What is the normal result?
The normal range for HbA1c levels varies according to the recommendations of health organizations and can vary depending on age, sex and the presence or absence of certain diseases. In general, HbA1c is considered normal if it is below 5.7% or below 39 mmol/mol.
However, for people with diabetes, a glycemic control goal is usually set based on their age, general health, and other risk factors. Target HbA1c levels for people with diabetes are often below 7% or 53 mmol/mol, although more stringent targets may be recommended for some patients.
It is important to note that the definition of a normal or target HbA1c level may vary depending on clinical recommendations, and diabetes treatment should be individualized according to each patient's needs and goals. It is also important to note that HbA1c levels can be influenced by factors other than blood sugar, such as anemia, kidney disease, hemolysis, and other chronic diseases.